STS-5

STS-5
Mission insignia
Mission statistics
Mission nameSTS-5
Space shuttleColumbia
Launch pad39-A
Launch dateNovember 11, 1982, 12:19:00 UTC
LandingNovember 16, 1982, 14:33:26 UTC
Mission duration5d/02:14:26
Number of orbits81
Orbital altitude341 km
Orbital inclination28.5°
Distance traveled3,397,082 km
Crew photo
STS-5 Crew photo
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STS-4
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STS-6

STS-5 was a space shuttle mission by NASA using the Space Shuttle Columbia, launched November 11, 1982. This was the fifth space shuttle mission, and was also the fifth mission for the Space Shuttle Columbia.

Crew

  • Commander: Vance D. Brand (Second spaceflight)
  • Pilot: Robert F. Overmyer (First spaceflight)
  • Mission Specialist 1: Joseph P. Allen (First spaceflight)
  • Mission Specialist 2: William B. Lenoir (First spaceflight)

Mission parameters

  • Mass:
    • Orbiter Liftoff: 112,088 kg
    • Orbiter Landing: 91,841 kg
    • Payload: 14,551 kg
  • Perigee: 294 km
  • Apogee: 317 km
  • Inclination: 28.5°
  • Period: 90.5 min

Mission Highlights

SBS-3 satellite with PAM-D stage inside the space shuttle Anik C3 is deployed

STS-5, the first operational mission, also carried the largest crew up to that time—four astronauts—and the first two commercial communications satellites to be flown.

The fifth launch of the orbiter Columbia took place at 7:19 a.m. EST, Nov. 11, 1982. It was the second on-schedule launch.

The two communications satellites were deployed successfully and subsequently propelled into their operational geosynchronous orbits by booster rockets. Both were Hughes-built HS-376 series satellites—Satellite Business Systems-3 owned by Satellite Business Systems, and Anik C3 owned by Telesat Canada. In addition to the first commercial satellite cargo, the flight carried a West German-sponsored microgravity GAS experiment canister in the payload bay. The crew also conducted three student experiments during the flight.

A planned spacewalk, the first for the Shuttle program, by Lenoir and Allen was postponed by one day after Lenoir became ill and then had to be cancelled when the two space suits that were to be used developed problems.

Columbia landed on Runway 22, at Edwards AFB, on Nov. 16, 1982, at 6:33 a.m. PST, having traveled 2 million miles in 81 orbits during a mission that lasted 5 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes and 26 seconds. Columbia was returned to KSC on Nov. 22. STS-5 was the first Shuttle flight in which the crew did not wear pressure suits for the launch, reentry, and landing portions of the flight, similar in nature to Soviet Voskhod and Soyuz flights prior to the ill-fated Soyuz 11 mission.

Mission insignia

The points of the blue star of the mission patch tell the flight's numerical designation in the Space Transportation System's mission sequence.

Wake-up calls

A tradition for NASA human spaceflights since the days of Gemini, mission crews are played a special musical track at the start of each day in space. Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.

Flight DaySongArtist/Composer
Day 276 TrombonesThe Music Man
Day 3Cotton Eye JoeRednex
Day 4Marine Hymn
Day 5The Stroll
Day 6Take Me Home, Country RoadsJohn Denver